student policies and procedures

Policy 03:17:00

Repaying Your Loan

Purpose: To outline the process of loan payment.

Revision Responsibility: Director of Financial Aid

Responsible Executive Office: President

Created into formal policies: May 18, 2018.


You are required to begin repaying your Federal Stafford loan six months after you graduate, leave school, or drop below half-time attendance. Federal borrowers have many options to repay Stafford loans, including different types of repayment plans, ways to postpone repayment, and the option to consolidate loans.

Information about your federal education loans is available online from the National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS). You will be able to view balances due and contact information for the servicer of each federal loan, including FFEL and Stafford Loans, PLUS loans, and Perkins loans. Before you determine which option is best for you, know what you owe. Any private (alternative) loans you have borrowed will not appear in NSLDS.

Payment Relief

If you experience economic hardship or other circumstances that limit your ability to repay your loan, you might qualify for a deferment or forbearance: Deferment allows you to postpone repayments for certain approved reasons for as long as you are enrolled at least half-time in a postsecondary school, graduate fellowship or rehabilitation program (if you have disabilities). Deferments of up to three years are also available if you are unemployed. If you don't qualify for a government approved deferment, you can request forbearance from your lender. Forbearance can delay or reduce your monthly payments. Usually, however, you must still pay the interest on your loan during the forbearance period. Please click here for more information.

Be aware of your student loans and keep in contact with your lenders as you are in a contract. If you find your student loan payments hard to handle, do not stop making payments. Contact your lenders and let them know your circumstances. In most cases, there is a solution that both you and the lender can work with.

Loan forgiveness

For federal Stafford loan deferment or cancellation, contact your loan servicer for application forms. You can find contact information for your loan servicer by logging in to the National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS). It's possible to have your student loan debt discharged (canceled or reduced, but only under certain specific circumstances.

Loan consolidation

You can investigate consolidating all of your education loans so you have one monthly payment. This program also generally allows you to extend the repayment period beyond 10 years.

Federal Consolidation Loans

  • Fixed interest rate based on a weighted average of the current rates on your existing loans.
  • Deferment options predetermined by federal regulations.
  • Cannot include non-federal (private) loan funds.

Private Consolidation Loans

  • Can include both federal and non-federal student loan funds, but not recommended because federal consolidation loans offer superior benefits and lower interest rates.
  • Usually a variable interest rate, based on your credit score.
  • Forbearances available only at the lender's discretion.

Any consolidation loan is likely to significantly increase the total amount of interest that you will be required to pay. If you are able to meet your current monthly repayment obligations, it may be best for you to avoid consolidation.

You may want to estimate the amount that you can afford to pay, based on your monthly income, using the FinAid Calculator.

There are currently seven repayment plans:

$50,000 Original Loan

  • Standard repayment per month: $575
  • Standard Total Repayment: $69,048
  • Graduated Repayment Per Month: $332-996
  • Graduated Total Repayment: $74,300
  • Income-Based Contingent Per Month: $225-572
  • Income-Based Contingent Total Repayment: $114,483

Note: Payments are calculated using the interest rate of 6.8% for student borrowers with an estimated Adjusted Gross Income of $25,000 and a family size of 1.

Defaulting on Student Loans

If you fail to repay your loan, you will be considered in default. If this occurs, your credit rating will be damaged and you may not be able to borrow in the future to pay for a car or home or even to continue your education. Your wages may be garnished and your federal and state income taxes may be withheld; your loan may be sent to a collection agency and you will be liable for collection fees. Student loan borrowers in default do have options to repay their loans. Additional information is available from the Department of Education.

Resolving Loan Repayment Disputes

If you are having a dispute with your servicer or another agency regarding repayment of your federal student loan, you may consider contacting the Federal Student Aid Ombudsman for assistance. You can reach the Ombudsman's office by phone at 877-557-2575 or by mail at this address:

U.S. Department of Education
FSA Ombudsman
830 First Street, NE
Fourth Floor
Washington, DC 20202-5144